To wash clothes and linen in the house, the washing machine is an appliance. To find out which washing machine is better off buying for your home, in this article you will find everything you need to know: what types of washing machines exist, how they work and what are the stages of the wash cycle, what is the spin cycle, such as what accessories and safety devices shall, where installation at home.
What is the washing machine
The washing machine is one of the appliances that has most changed home life. Born to save time to housewives and today also to single men, the washing machine makes life a lot easier and faster for those who want to take care of their clothes.
In no time, the washing machine is able to remove stains, rinse and wring the clothes, in various materials and colors, with specific programs for everyone. With the economic programs that do not last long and that imitate washing by hand and with the help of some products and detergents that do not disperse the colors on the clothes, wash clothes and linens always becomes easier and faster.
In some cases, the clothes are also dried, so in addition to avoid washing by hand, you can also avoid spread. The latest models of washing machines are moving towards an increasingly reduced energy consumption, increasing performance, even in a small space, more and more functionality combined with striking design.
All this breadth of choice makes it quite complicated to choose the washing machine. That’s why we have designed for you a specific guide that helps at time of purchase.
How does the washing machine
The washing machine uses water in most cases combined with detergents, softeners and spotting. The cleaning systems used by this appliance is to soak the garments are immersed in water mixed with detergent and heated by an internal resistance, until the set temperature relating to the program and regulated by a thermostat.
The rotary movement of the basket in which are placed the clothes, will remove dirt from them.
In addition to the technique of soaking, there exists another quite effective on stains, rain, or recirculating RWS cleaning, which consists in a shower of water and detergent from above with some force.
Phases of the wash
With these principles, the phases of operation, which may vary depending on the model and set programs, are basically:
with a detergent placed in a compartment before switching on
through water resistance
with temperature and duration determined by program
with fixed rate or set manually or by program
in the case of a washer dryer
The centrifuge is that function which automatically enabled by the various programs or set manually, said in layman’s turns very quickly the basket containing the laundry immediately after washing (the juicer for some items is not expected, as for wool for example, since the latter would felting).
In this way it is as if the linen to be squeezed and then deprived of most of the water that has soaked during washing.
In practice, the more the centrifuge is strong and more the laundry will dry quickly.
Each model of washing machine has its spin cycle, which can be more or less powerful: from a minimum of 800 RPM 800 rpm, i.e., up to over 1500 rpm.
A juicer from 800 rpm maximum might be fine in the case that you have a dryer or have the possibility to let drying clothes in no time, while if your situation is not the one just described, you need a centrifuge of at least 1000 if not 1500 rpm.
Also the spin cycle in a washing machine can be of two types:
located in models in which the speed cannot be set: speed is then precisely fixed, does not change whatever the program set.
is the one whose speed varies depending on the program or that can be set manually by the consumer.
Of course the variable spin is the best, also because the most delicate garments need a centrifuge not too powerful as they may be damaged.
The washing machine is usually also fitted with some safety devices, which make its operation more efficient and reliable and prevent water leaking from the appliance, to avoid flooding the floors, or worse, come into contact with the wires of the electric current of the washing machine itself. Some safety devices of a washing machine are:
why a sensor monitors the maximum water in the basket, blocking the provision if that level is exceeded, thus avoiding the risk of flooding in the house.
- Flooding protection
that has the same goal of the previous system and that system starts if the overflow for some reason has not worked properly: the anti-flooding system blocks your washer if there is leakage of water from the device.
- Water stop
that stops the machine in case of failure to the pipes for loading and unloading.
Install the washer and attacks
The areas adapted for installing the washing machine in a House, are basically three:
- laundry room or hallway used.
In the first two cases you exploit the attacks of water and electricity already present in two rooms of the House. In the third case, the washer is inserted in its natural habitat, a specially designed only for care. First of all the place where to install the washing machine is to be chosen according to different variables:
- space, and then the size of the washing machine itself.
- load you need to wash all linens of a house.
- loading and unloading position of water and electrical outlets.
- convenient location and easy to reach.
- the distance from electrical appliances such as a dishwasher or refrigerator.
- silence or noise of the washing machine itself.
Once you choose the location that best suits your needs according to the variables mentioned above, pay a lot of attention to attacks already mentioned, that must be:
- water attack.
- drain fitting into the sewers, through which the washer discharges the water used and dirty; It is important that the exhaust pipe is very durable, because you should not break if subjected to pressures higher than the norm; usually the limit is set at 60 bar pressure resistance.
- the mains in the immediate vicinity of the washing machine. The wiring in the House should be under and earthed and must endure at least 3 kw of power.
You mean by washer-dryers, a household appliance that incorporates both a washer and a dryer. In this case, after the centrifuge that can also have a capacity of only 800 rpm, you enable the drying phase. In this way, you will have washed garments and also dry.
Also, in the data sheet of your appliance, you will find not only data, but also, of course, washing drying.
The washer-dryer is the space-saving alternative to the installation of a front loading washing machine in column with a dryer or a washing machine and a dryer placed one next to the other.
For those with limited space and has no way nor time to dry clothes naturally, the washer-dryer is the best solution, although prices naturally rise compared to a normal washing machine.
To know more about the features and programs from a dryer, please refer to article on this site that talks about it in detail.